What is Somogyi Effect? Symptom, Causes, Prevention & Treatment

What is Somogyi Effect? Symptom, Causes, Prevention & Treatment 

By using insulin therapy to keep diabetes in control, you will need to measure your blood sugar several times in a full day. Depending on the total results, you may take insulin to lower your blood sugar levels or have a snack to improve them.

What is Somogyi Effect?

The Somogyi impact or phenomenon happens when you take insulin before bed and still wake up with high blood sugar.

Based on the theory of the Somogyi effect, when insulin reduces your blood sugar too much, it can result in a release of hormones that send your blood sugar levels into a high rebound.

It’s regarded as more prevalent in people who have type 1 diabetes than with type 2 diabetes.

Although high blood sugar in the early morning hours will happen, there’s little proof to support that the Somogyi impact theory is the reason.

However, if these symptoms are noticed by you, inconsistencies, or large changes in your blood sugar, speak with your doctor.

Somogyi Effects Symptoms

You might be exceptional Somogyi effect if you wake up with high blood sugar levels in the morning and also you don’t know why. Night sweats might be a sign of such circumstance.

Somogyi Effects Causes

If you have diabetes, you might use insulin doses to control your blood sugar. When you inject too much insulin, or you inject insulin and go to sleep without eating enough, it lowers your blood sugar levels too much. That is called hypoglycemia.

The body responds to hypoglycemia by liberating hormones like epinephrine and glucagon. These hormones increase your blood sugar. Therefore, the Somogyi effect is referred to as the “rebound impact sometimes.

The Somogyi impact is widely reported. However, according to Diabetes Forecast, there’s little scientific evidence to aid it.

Somogyi Effect Vs. Phenomenon Dawn

Dawn sensation experience is comparable to the Somogyi impact, however, the causes will vary.

The dawn phenomenon to some extent is something that everyone experiences. It really is your body’s natural reaction to hormones (cortisol, growth hormones, and catecholamine) that are released as morning approaches. These hormones bring about the release of glucose from your liver organ.

Generally, in most people, the discharge of blood sugar is tempered by the release of insulin. However when you have diabetes, you don’t produce enough insulin to reduce the discharge of blood sugar, and that triggers your blood sugar levels rise.

Read How to Stay Stress-Free to keep control of your Blood Sugar Levels

Screening and Diagnosis

It’s easy to test for the Somogyi effect relatively. For a number of consecutive nights you must:

Check your bloodstream sugars just before bed.
Set an alarm to check on it around 3:00 am again.
Test drive it upon waking up again.
If your blood sugar is low when it is checked by you at 3:00 a.m., it’s likely the Somogyi impact.

You can even ask your physician about utilizing a continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) system. Your physician shall place a little blood sugar sensor under your skin layer. It sends information to a monitoring device that tracks your glucose levels and tells you when levels are too high or too low.

Somogyi Effect Prevention and Treatment

When you have diabetes and go through the Somogyi effect, speak to your doctor. Discuss any repeating fluctuations, such as high morning blood sugar. Ask ways to change your diabetes management program to keep the blood sugar in order.

You might find that eating a treat with your nightly insulin dose helps stop your blood sugar levels from dipping and rebounding. Your doctor may recommend changes to your insulin program also.

For example, they could advise you to consider less insulin during the night or get one of these different kinds of insulin. Speak to them about setting a higher slightly, but safe still target of blood glucose level for bedtime.

If you think you might begin to experience the Somogyi effect soon after increasing your nightly dose of insulin, it could be best to awake in the center of the night for some nights to check your blood sugar. Increasing your insulin dosage steadily could help.

Get hold of your doctor to select the best arrange for you. Your physician may encourage you to purchase a CGM system also. This monitor tracks your sugar levels and uses alarms to inform you whenever your levels get too much high or too low.


So, if you are experiencing frequent fluctuations in your blood sugar and think about changing your Insulin Dosage, Always make sure to consult your Doctor and then take actions according to his suggestion.

Thank You for Reading!

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